2015-1-23 14:08










Video games provide a fun escape from reality; though, they're often portrayed as violent, lazy and a waste of time by some. The debate has raged on for years.
游戲給人以一種逃離現實的樂趣;不過它們常被人視為暴力 懶惰和浪費時間的象征,其間的爭論已持續數年。

So are there any positive effects? Can video games actually make you smarter? Before we get ahead of ourselves, it's important to note that too much of anything is bad-even broccoli. Seriously, extremely high doses broccoli can actually be toxic. Heck even water toxicity exist.
那么游戲到底有沒有用?游戲能讓人更聰明嗎?在開始討論之前, 先要注意,任何事物多了都是有害的,甚至是西蘭花,真的,極大量的西蘭花也有毒,同樣,水中毒也存在。

So if you binge and do nothing but play video games, the risks probably outweigh any benefits. In fact, we have an entire video devoted to what would happen if you stopped going outside, and the negative effects of sitting-link in the description! Having said that, many studies have actually shown increases in cognitive function after playing video games.
所以,若放縱到只打游戲不做事,其危險也會遠過于益處,其實,我們還專門有個視頻討論假如你不再出門會怎樣,以及靜坐的壞處。諸多研究發現,玩游戲之后 人的認知能力會增強。

One study in particular had participants play Super Mario 64 for 30 minutes a day over 2 months. Afterwards, the brains of these participants saw an increase of grey matter in areas associated with memory, strategic planning and fine motor skills of the hands, compared to those who had not played. These are particularly encouraging results for mental disorders which cause these brain regions to shrink; using video games as a therapy.
一項研究中,參與者在兩個月內每天玩30分鐘Super Mario 64,此后,這些參與者大腦內與記憶策略規劃,手部精細動作控制有關區域的灰質,相較于未玩游戲的人有所增加,對于精神障礙而言,這是極好的結果,前者會造成這些部分萎縮,而打游戲則能成為一種療法。

Surprisingly, action games can also increase attention to detail in individuals. Take a look at the following words on screen, and yell out what color the word is as fast as you can! Ok, now try a bit faster without me. As we continue, it becomes more difficult because there is a conflict between the word itself and its color. Chances are if you play more than 5-10 hours of action games a week, you're able to solve these problems much more quickly.

This is because your brain is actually more efficient in the regions associated with attention. Of course, video games can also be incredibly educational! And while you may not be playing some of your favorite games for this purpose, there are certainly many games that are used as effective teaching tools for both young and old. They may even help kids who suffer from dyslexia read more effectively. In a small study, dyslexic children who played regular video games ended up reading faster and more accurately, once again relating to improved attention skills.

Meanwhile, other studies have found improvements in eyesight. Not only can they see smaller details more clearly, like tiny writing, but they have an easier time differentiating levels of grey. Very practiced action games were 58% better at perceiving fine differences in contrast which is important as this is one of the first things go diminish with age. Even in the elderly, improved memory and focus is seen. More importantly, specially designed brain teasing video games have been shown to slow the aging process of the brain by up to seven years. This is because they are cognitively complex and require mental energy! Think you're able to keep track of what's in front of your eyes?

Keep an eye on the blue circle here. Eventually it will turn yellow like all the others. I will then point to a circle and you tell me if it was originally blue. If you knew this ball wasn't blue, then you're a functioning human being. But let’s make it harder. Staring at the middle of the screen can help to keep track of the blue circles. Was this circle originally blue? If you said no, you'd be right. One more time, but with 5 blue circles. Was this one originally blue? Yes-it was?

盯住這個藍色圓圈,之后它會變成黃色,和其它的一樣,我會指一個圓圈,你來告訴我之前它是不是藍色的,如果你知道它不是藍色,那么你是個正常人,那增加點難度吧,盯著屏幕中央有助于追蹤藍色的圓圈,這個圈之前是藍色的嗎?如果你說不,恭喜答對了。再來一次, 這次有5個圓圈。這個之前是藍色的嗎?對的。

It turns out, the average person can track about 3-4 objects while a practiced action gamer can track around 6-7.Finally, as technology continues to transform medicine, surgeries are being completed with the insertion of cameras and remote controlled tools. And these surgeries have very clear parallels to video games, with a screen and a controlling device. Not surprisingly, young doctors with previous exposure to video games show fewer errors and faster completion than those without.
事實證明,人平均可以追蹤3-4個物體,而動作游戲老手可以盯住6-7個,最后,正如科技不斷地為醫療帶來革新,手術臺上也多了相機和遠程控制工具,這些手術和電子游戲又有許多共性,一塊屏幕 一個控制設備,不奇怪那些玩過電子游戲的年輕醫生,比沒玩過的出錯更少,完成速度更快。

Of course, all of these skills are only useful if you use them which you can if all you do is play video games. So enjoy your down time and relax with your games in moderation, but get out there and keep your life diverse as well,because that's how you'll win at the game of life.
當然,這些技巧只有受用時才會發揮作用,對只玩游戲不做事的沒有任何用處,好好享受下班時間、適度游戲,也得出去玩玩 讓生活更精彩,這才算得上是人生贏家。